High court of Judicature or the Allahabad high court in the city is having a jurisdiction since 1950 over the state of Uttar Pradesh. It has the credit of being one of the earliest high courts that were set up in India.
The initial formation of this high court was as the High Court of Judicature for the provinces of North West in Agra in the year 1866 on 17th March, under the Indian High Courts Act of 1861, which by law replaced the Sadr Diwani Adalat. The first Chief Justice of the High Court for the province was Sir Walter Morgan, who was a Barrister-at Law.
In the year 1869, the high court was shifted from Agra to Allahabad and thereby the name was altered to High Court of Judicature since march 11th 1919.
In the year 1925 on November 2nd, Lucknow Oudh Chief Court replaced the Judicial Commissioner’s court at Oudh as per the 1925 act of Oudh Civil Courts and this was formulated by the legislature of United Provinces by the approval of the Governor General.
The Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh undertook a resolution for the governor where there was the mention of amalgamation of the Oudh Chief Court and Allahabad high Court of Judicature by the ruling of the Governor General. As a result of such a request, the Allahabad High Court and Chief Court of Oudh were made into one.
When Uttaranchal was formulated in 2000 from the state of Uttar Pradesh, this high court then didn’t have anymore jurisdiction on areas which went into Uttaranchal. Originally the high court at Allahabad was constructed by Khan Saheb Nizamuddin who belonged to Loha Mundi in Agra. The fountain of water was donated by him which is present in the high court premises.
The Seat and Benches
The highest court seat is in city of Allahabad while the permanent bench is in Lucknow. The bench comprises of 3 ex-officio jurists who are highly qualified. The total number of judges sanctioned to be in the high court is 160, which is also the highest number in India.
Location Of Allahabad High Court
Former Chief Justices
|5||Louis Addin Kershaw||1898|
|10||Shah Muhammad Sulaiman||1932–1937|
|11||John Gibb Thom||1937–1941|
|13||Kamala Kanta Verma||1946–1947|
|14||Bidhu Bhushan Malik||1947–1955|
|16||Manulal Chunilal Desai||1961–1966|
|17||Vashishtha Bhargava||25 February 1966–7 August 1966|
|20||Shashi Kanta Verma||1971–1973|
|21||Dhatri Saran Mathur||1973–1974|
|22||Kunwar Bahadur Asthana||1974–1977|
|25||Mahesh Narain Shukla||1983–1985|
|26||Hriday Nath Seth||1986|
|27||Kalmanje Jagannatha Shetty||1986–1987|
|28||Dwarka Nath Jha||1987|
|30||Brahma Nath Katju||1988–1989|
|31||B. P. Jeevan Reddy||1990–1991|
|32||M. K. Mukherjee||1991–1993|
|33||S. S. Sodhi||1994–1995|
|34||A. Lakshman Rao||1995–1996|
|35||D. P. Mohapatra||1996–1998|
|36||N. K. Mitra||1999–2000|
|37||Shyamal Kumar Sen||8 May 2000–24 November 2002|
|38||Tarun Chatterjee||31 January 2003–26 August 2004|
|39||Ajoy Nath Ray||11 January 2005–26 January 2007|
|40||Hemant Laxman Gokhale||7 March 2007–8 March 2009|
|41||Chandramauli Kumar Prasad||20 March 2009–7 February 2010|
|Acting||Amitava Lala||8 February 2010-25 June 2010|
|42||Hon'ble Mr. Justice Ferdino Inacio Rebello||26 June 2010-30 July 2011|
|Acting||Amitava Lala||31 July 2011-4 August 2011|